Descripción de fisiopatologia hipotética como compendio de las diferentes teorias, dx y tx del concenso mexicano
La preeclampsia es un desorden multisistémico en el que la TA después de la 20 semana de gestación se acompaña de proteinuria. La elevación de la TA es producto de factores que alteran la re…Descripción completa
Descripción: La preeclampsia es un desorden multisistémico en el que la TA después de la 20 semana de gestación se acompaña de proteinuria. La elevación de la TA es producto de factores que alteran la resistenc...
Pathophysiology NursingFull description
Pathophysiology for HIV
Descripción: Es un procesos de enfermería con el caso de una embarazada con Preeclampsia.
this is for those people in the medical field, this is a pathophysiology of cellulitis
pathophysiology for nursing students
Descripción: epilepsy pathophysiology
Pathophysiology of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
This is a general schematic diagram made by my schoolmates during our ORAL REVALIDA...
Preeclampsia is a characterized, by vasospasms, changes in the coagulation system, and disturbances in systems related to volume and BP control. Vasospasms results from an increased sensitivity to circulating pressors, such as angiotensin II, and possibly an imbalance between the prostaglandins prostacyclin and thromboane !". #ndothelial cell dysfunction, believed to result from decreased placental perfusion, may account for many changes in preeclampsia. !rteriolar vasospasm may cause endothelial damage and contribute to an increased capillary permeability. This increase edema and further decreases intravascular volume, predisposing the woman with preeclampsia to pulmonary edema. Immunologic factors may play an important role in the development of preeclampsia. The presence of a foreign protein, the placenta, or the fetus maybe perceived by the mother$s immune system as an antigen. This may then trigger an abnormal immunologic response. This theory is supported by the increased incidence of preeclampsia or eclampsia in first%time mothers or to multiparous woman pregnant by a new partner. Preeclampsia maybe an immune comple disease in which the maternal antibody system is overwhelmed from ecessive fetal antigens in the maternal circulation. This theory seems compatible with the high incidence of preeclampsia among women eposed to a large mass of trophoblastic tissue as seen in twin pregnancies or hydatidiform moles. &enetic predisposition may be another immunologic factor. 'e((er reported a greater fre)uency of preeclampsia and eclampsia among daughters and granddaughters of women with a history of eclampsia, which suggests an autosomal recessive gene controlling the maternal immune response. Paternal factors are also eamined. 'iets in inade)uate nutrients, especially protein, calcium, sodium, magnesium, and vitamin # and *, maybe an etiologic factor in preeclampsia. +ome practitioners prescribed high%protein diets - mg supplemental protein/ without caloric restriction and moderate sodium inta(e in the prevention and treatment of this disorder. 0owever, data are limited regarding the association between diet and preeclampsia.
Preeclampsia progresses along a continuum from mild disease to severe preeclampsia, 0#11P syndrome, or eclampsia. The pathophysiology of preeclampsia reflects alteration in the normal adaptations of pregnancy. 2ormal physiologic adaptations to pregnancy include increase blood plasma volume, vasodilation, and decreased systemic vascular resistance, elevated cardiac output, and decreased colloid osmotic pressure. Pathologic changes in the endothelial cells of the glomeruli are uni)uely characteristic of preeclampsia, particularly in nulliparous women. The main pathogenic factor is not an increase in BP but poor perfusion as a result vasospasm. !rteriolar vasospasm diminishes the diameter of blood vessels, which impedes blood flow to all organs and raises BP. 3unction in organs such as the placenta, (idneys, liver and brain is deceased by as much as 45 to 65.