this shows solutions to various problems on hyrdropower design
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This handbook is designed to serve as a guide to efficient use of adhesives for building construction. It is intended for architects, engineers, contractors, builders, building supply dea…Full description
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7th International Olympiad on Astronomy and Astrophysics 2013, Greece (Problems & Solutions)Descripción completa
Building Construction Problems & Mitigation
Items STRCTRAL !OR" 1 Formwork Formwork 2 Reinforcement work 3 RCC RCC work 4 Brickwork Brickwork 5 Back lling 6
Crack #etn 'oint of RCC sla#(#eam ) #rick work
7 At parapet wall construction At terrace %oor( lo##* %oor ) #alcon* %oor sill B #INIS$IN% !OR" 1 !laste !lasterr
2 Ceramic tile 3 "osaic tile 4 "ar#le "ar#le 5 Coping Coping 6 $oo% $oo% work 7 Aluminiu Aluminium m
+ !ol*plaster 1, !aint work 11 Culture -tone C
Pl&m'in( ) SANITAR* !OR"
CM DEVELOPERS PV Vinayak Colony, Bhain P+o'lems ./cessi0e usage of pipes in sla# sot #efore concreting reat eort wile auling re#ar on sla# icult* in %eli0ering proper nising in fascia wit small gaps of 4 or 6 icult to #uil% walls wit unusual lengt or #rea%t like 3( 6( etc ./cessi0e use of cement as
in case of macine ma%e #ricks #efore plastering
soil settlement seen at outsi%e of Buil%ing were cecker tile la*ing -een ) occurre% in "ost of te ouses %ampness seen in 'oint of RCC sla# ) #rick work -eepage troug %oor sill 8iger percentage of soil an% silt in san% @a*er of green patces( swelling at te toe of #uil%ing 9wic ma* #e %ue to capillar* action: ./pensi0e an% time consuming wile la*ing small tiles 9eg uocera: icult to n% an% repair uni;ue tiles in case of seepage of section 76+7 9%oor sutter 0ertical: if 5m is importe% "os;uito net not sta#le in section( inge seen rust( not a0ing lock 8ar%wares? 8an%le #roken( loose an%le wit screw wile operating( rust in %oor inge alwa*s sortage of Al -ection %ampness remains insi%e wall in long %uration( After application te %r*ing time takes longer
seepage(swelling( un%ulation pro#lem
Sol&tionsS&((estions se 3/3 or 4/4 tim#a in sot wic will re%uce 0ertical props also se Cain pulle* !ro0i%e in0ert fascia @imit @ or B to at least 4 or + A0oi% te use of macine ma%e #ricks( so use of local #rick ue to improper compaction : "os;uito section as to #e re0ise% 9 stronger section:( 8inge to #e ;ualit* one( @ock a%'ustment section to #e cosen to #e or%ere% wit ig ;ualit* @ocal market a0ila#le sections to #e cosen for pro'ect se of Birla !utt* instea% of !&!
Birla wall putt* instea% of pol*plaster Hnter0al #etween rst an% nal coat soul% #e as minimum as possi#le Ge/ture paint !artition walls soul% #e cange% #efore sla# casting to #e selection in commonl* use ) a0ila#le in more tan 3I4 places Alwa*s locate te B #o/ in %r* wall ) wall soul% #e + t !roper location of 0ertical pipes a0oi%ing te win%ows ) fascia an% making te merging of pipes possi#le Alwa*s put pipe lines troug wall section A0oi% -= -tap commo%e in First Floor ) 2n% Eoor toilets %ue to lack of skille% manpower %ue to low ;ualit* material9 wall tiness of material is 0er* tin:( so ;ualit* of material to #e selecte% ) procure%