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Yukteshwar Giri was the guru of Paramhansa Yogananda. Sri Yukteshwar was an educator, astronomer, a Jyotisha (Vedic astrologer), a yogi, and a believer in the Bhagavad Gita and the Bible. He was a ...
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Nagercoil
நகரகவல — Municipality —
Nagercoil is Hill locked by the Western Ghats
10.37 km (4.00 sq mi) 26 m (85 ft)
Population (2011) •
9,813/km (25,420/sq mi)
TN-74 & TN-75
Nagercoil is the 11th largest city in the southernmost Indian state of Tamil Nadu and a municipality and administrative
headquarters of Kanyakumari District. The town is situated close to the t ip of the Indian peninsula , locked with the Western Ghats on all sides and is the southernmost town on the Indian mainland. The town was a part of the erstwhile Travancore state, or later Travancore-Cochin state, till almost a decade after the Indian independence in 1947. In 1956, the city and the District were merged with Tamil Nadu. In its earlier days, the town and its surroundings were known as 
Nanjilnadu . It is also serves as the Headquarters for Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre,
Government of India. Contents
4 Culture and religion
5 Influence of European missionaries
7 Information technology
8 Cottage industry
12 Places of interest
13 Famous personalities o
13.4 Government Officials
13.4.1 Indian Police Service
13.4.2 Chief of Naval Staff
13.5 Indian Administrative Service
an Space research arm of The
Nagercoil derives its name from the famous old Nagaraja Temple (temple of the serpent king) which is in the central part of town. It has been an important temple for Hindus for centuries as well as a tourist attraction.
According to certain
accounts, it may once have been a Jain temple, as icons of the Jain Tirthankaras — Mahavira and Parsvanatha — are found on the pillars of the temple. Nagercoil came under the rule of various kingdoms, notably the Chera, Chola and Pandya kingdoms, Historical records reveal that these kingdoms fought over the control of the fertile area of Nanjilnadu and Kottar, a town mentioned in old Tamil writings and maps of ancient India. Archaeological records also show Jain influences in ancient times. The modern history of the town is interwoven with the history of Travancore state. The modern town of Nagercoil grew around Kottar, now a locality in the municipal limits. The town came to prominence during and after the reign of Maharaja Marthanda Varma, the king of Travancore, the capital of which was Padmanabhapuram, about 20 km to the north of Nagercoil. The capital was later shifted to Trivandrum, now Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of Kerala state, about 65 km to the north of Nagercoil. In the erstwhile princely state of Travancore, Nagercoil was the second most important town after the capital Trivandrum. Maharaja Marthanda Varma's successors continued the land, revenue and social reforms he instituted. Although Travancore was considered by many to be a "Hindu" administration, the rulers generally showed religious tolerance and were not hostile to European educators, missionaries and traders. Until the 19th century, the coffers of Travancore were greatly helped by revenues from the trade of pepper and other spices, with the European powers. Irrigation systems (an excellent system is still found around Nagercoil), dams, roads, schools etc. developed under the administration of the Travancore royals and their Dewans. The British in India considered Travancore a "model native state". At the time, Travancore was the most socially developed, and one of the most economically developed states under the British Raj. During the British Raj, Travancore was essentially a vassal-state to the British, but the British never interfered in the general administration of the state.
The Clock Tower in the heart of the town, which is more than one hundred years old. The clock in the tower, was presented by the European missionary, Rev. Duthie to the Maharajah of Travancore, when the Maharajah visited Nagercoil in the late 19th century. At the time of India's independence from Britain, the Dewan of Travancore, Sir C.P. Ramaswamy Aiyer, preferred Travancore to be a sovereign country, but he eventually gave up after a tough stand by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, India's
federal minister in charge of home affairs, who wanted the princely state annexed to India. After a political fight in the 1950s led by A. Nesamony, sometimes known as Marshal Nesamony, the Government of Travancore-Cochin gave part of South Travancore (present day Kanyakumari District) to Tamil Nadu, because a majority of the population spoke Tamil in the district. This was enacted in the Indian States Reorganisation Act of 1956.
Nagercoil with its Scenic Beauty is c radeled between the Western Ghats Nagercoil has a pleasant, though humid, climate for a major part of the year. The maximum temperature during the summer hovers around 86 °F or 30 °C with moderate humidity at times. Nagercoil is the only Indian Town to receive both the north-east monsoon and the south-west monsoon. It rains more o ften in Kanyakumari district than in any other part of Tamil Nadu, with the exception of the Nilgiris. Due to geographical conditions, the southern tip of Kanyakumari is generally 2 °C to 3 °C hotter than Nagercoil during the daytime, though Kanyakumari is only 20 km away. Demographics 
As of 2011 India census,
Nagercoil had a population of 224,329 of which 110,132 are Males and 114,197 are females.
Nagercoil has an average literacy rate of 95.35%. In Nagercoil, 8.5% of the population is between the age group of 0 – 6 years. Though the official population count (for the municipal area) is close to 2.25 lakhs, a significant population lives outside the municipal limits, in the suburbs.Tamil is the most spoken language. English and Malayalam is also widely understood and spoken in the city. The greatest concentration of the population of the town and the District is along the coastal belt, on the eastern side, while the largely forested areas on the western side of the district (along the Western Ghats) are sparsely populated. Culture and religion
Tamil is official language in Kanyakumari. Tamil and Malayalam are spoken by the people. Tamil language along with English is used as a medium of teaching in all major schools. The Tamil spoken here is a mix of Malayalam and Tamil, sometimes unintelligible to the people of North Tamil Nadu. The culture is a mixture of Tamil and Malayalam culture and traditions. Hinduism, Christianity and Islam are the major religions in the town and district. Food prepared here is also a mix of Kerala/Tamil Nadu traditions. Puttu, Appam, Idiappam are popular food items and so are rice murukku, and achu-murukku. Curries here are made with coconut and coconut oil which is now considered Kerala style c ooking. Some of the festivals celebrated here are Pongal, Onam, Suchindrum "Ther Festival", Ayya Vaikunda Avataram, Deepavali, Easter, Christmas, New Year, St. Francis Xavier's feast, Bhagavathy Amman Temple festival, Ramzan (Eid ul fitr) and Bakrid (Eid ul alha). Influence of European missionaries
The foundation of several educational institutions by English, German and other Western Christian missionaries in the 19th century and the development of social infrastructure by the Travancore administration raised the social status and literacy of the people, ahead of many other urban centres in Southern India. Today, streets, schools and colleges in the
town are named after these European missionaries ; many of these missionaries were also noted educationists and scholars. The European missionaries converted a section of the people to Protestant Christianity. Roman Catholicism had been introduced earlier by St. Francis Xavier in the 16th century and later by other Jesuits.
St. Francis Xavier's Cathedral at Kottar, Nagercoil, built in 1600CE. St. Francis Xavier, the missionary-saint resided for sometime at Kottar, while doing missionary work in the neighbouring areas. St. Francis Xavier, the Roman Catholic missionary, made Kottar locality in the town his principal residence for two years in the 16th century, while preaching aro und the town and in neighbouring Tirunelveli district. Of the Protestant missionaries, the services of two European missionaries are particularly notable. One is C. Mead, who after arriving in 1817 in Nagercoil, as a missionary of the London Missionary Society (LMS), made immense contributions to the cause of education in the town and in Travancore. In 1818, he founded the Nagercoil Seminary, which became one of the first regular institutes to impart English education in Travancore state and also in Southern India. In 1855, in recognition of his contributions to the cause of education, the Travancore Government appointed him Superintendent of Schools, and while in this office he encouraged women's education in Nagercoil and in the state of Travancore. He started the Nagercoil Mission Press, the first printing press in the state of Travancore. Mead fought to abolish forms of indentured labour rampant at that time. The other great missionary was William Tobias Ringeltaube, a native of the then Prussia (present Germany), who established schools and worked among the poor and downtrodden around the town. He started one of the first regular schools in Travancore at Mylaudy, near Nagercoil which is still active. Like the London Missionary Society (LMS), another organisation that rendered valuable services to the cause of education and upliftment of the socially downtrodden has been the Church Missionary Society (CMS). Both these societies still have a presence in Nagercoil (nearly two centuries after inception). Home church is one of the important places for worship. This was built by Thurivankur King. The Salvation Army is known in the town for their medical services in and around the town. Their Catherine Booth Hospital in the Vadasery locality of the town was established in the 19th c entury and is still active. Economy
Nagercoil is the headquarters of the state owned Arasu Rubber Corporation and the regional office of the Central Rubber Board. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has a testing facility for Cryogenic and Liquid Propulsion rocket engines on the Mahendragiri hills (on the Western Ghats) off Nagercoil. Rocket scientists and engineers from all over India work at this facility, called t he Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC), Mahendragiri.
The town is a centre for the Koodankulam Nuclear Power Plant reactors, being built with Russian assistance, which is situated in Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu, but is the closest major town to the facility. The public sector Indian Rare Earths Limited (IRE) has a facility at Manavaalakurichy, near the town. Aralvaimozhi, a once-impoverished village, benefited from the building of the nearby Muppandal wind farm a renewable energy source, supplying the villagers with electricity for work.
The surrounding area is a major centre for windmill
renewable-energy production, and one of the biggest centres in South Asia, both in terms of electricity generated and size of windmills, with thousands of wind-mill electricity generators on tall towers dotting the area. The total power generated from these wind mills is 540 MW with each windmill generating a power output of 1.65 MW. The wind mills are erected and technically supported by multinational majors in the field of renewable energy like Vestas, Suzlon, and Micon. The Muppandal Wind Farm is situated on a mountain gap (pass) in the Western Ghats, through which the wind gushes for a major part of the year. Fish-net manufacturing is a growing business in and around the town; nets for commercial fishing are supplied to the domestic and export markets. Information technology
Recently Nagercoil city is getting improved in the field of Information Technology with MNC companies like SubmitINme Headquarted in the city. Many software companies have started in the past few years. MNC companies have also started to outsource their projects to these companies. Awareness of software usage also increased among the traditional business people. There are many software, research and development companies in Nagercoil. RedEgg InfoExpert Technologies is now part of Thomson Reuters set up an office with a strength of around 325 employees.
The Nagercoil office has been
outsourcing their product's to North America. In 2010 Hinduja Global Solution setup their third largest development center in India after, Bangalore and Chennai.
There are various institutions which provide IT related education to the students who come out of their studies and aspire to enter the IT industry.Institutions like NextNetworkz provide Microsoft and Cisco certification courses and is located near WCC college. Cottage industry
Small Scale industries (cottage industries) include coir-making, floral trade, handloom-weaving, rubber products, foodprocessing units, and lace-making (export-oriented). Prabhanjam India Handicrafts Private Limited
is an online marketing company doing services such as recruitment,
Matrimony, Real Estate, It Solutions, and Import &Export of Handicrafts Products.Alfi Curtains is a famous curtain shop which provides door and window curtains, vertical blinds and mosquito nets located at Meenakshipuram, Nagercoil.
Being the major Tamil Nadu town closest to the Kerala capital, Thiruvananthapuram (65 km away and the closest international airport to Nagercoil), trading and sending supplies to Kerala and Thiruvananthapuram is a major activity for the bustling markets at Vadasery and Kottar - availability and many items being cheaper in Tamil Nadu than in Kerala adds to the thriving business. Supply of marine and agricultural produce to the overseas export-markets are also important economic activities, though primarily done through exporters or agents in Kerala. Remittances to Nagercoil from overseas, from NonResident Indians (NRIs) hailing from the town, is a major contributor to the local economy.
Marshal A. Nesamony, one of the leading lawyers of the Nagercoil Bar, was elected as the Chairman of the Nagercoil Municipal Council in 1943. He enlarged the town boundary, improved water supply system for the town, established a home for the destitutes and increased the income of the Nagercoil Municipality. In the same year, he was elected to the Travancore State Assembly and was also nominated to the Senate of the then Travancore University (today's Kerala 
Later on Mr.K. Kamaraj, the former chief minister of Tamil Nadu, won from Kanyakumari constituency
without even canvassing. Education
The district has the highest literacy rate in Tamil Nadu (88.11). Some schools and colleges in Nagercoil are more than 150 years old, like the Scott Christian College, built by British missionaries. European missionaries, in the 19th century and early 20th century played a major role in imparting education to the peo ple of the town and district. One of the oldest regular schools in South India, Sethu Lakshmi Bai Higher Secondary School, is situated in the heart of town. It was established under the supervision of the Travancore administrators and named after a Sethu Lakshmi Bayi, the Queen of Travancore between 1924 to 1931. Another school which was named after a Travancore ruler is Sri Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma Higher Secondary School. Educational institutions include privately funded engineering colleges, the state-run Kanyakumari Government Medical College (at Asaripallam near Nagercoil), and many polytechnic colleges and arts and science colleges. As in neighbouring Kerala, women's education and career-development are give n importance. In Kanyakumari, the first Government Engineering college was started under Anna University Tirunelveli on September 2009. There is no Government Arts and Science College. All the Arts science college are under Cristian majorities, Muslim and few trust. Some of the educational institutions in Nagercoil are:
Annai Vailankanni College of Engineering,Kanyakymaari
Sree Narayana Guru College of Engineering, Maj alumoodu, Arumanai.
S.N.M. Hindu vidyalaya mat. hr.sec. school,vetturnimadam.
Some colleges and schools are run by C hristian minority denominations:
Little Flower girls higher secondary school
Little Kingdom Montessori School
St. Joseph's Matric Higher Secondary School
Vins Christian College of Engineering]]
St. Xavier's Catholic College of Engineering
St. Xavier's Catholic College of Nursing (Tamil Nadu's first Catholic diocesan nursing college)
CSI Institute of Technology
James College of Engineering and Technology
Salvation Army School
Scott Christian College, (Arts and Sciences College, with some specialised departments)
Holy Cross College for Women
Women's Christian College Nagercoil
Carmel higher secondary School
St. Joseph's Convent Higher Secondary School
C.S.I. Matriculation Higher Secondary School
E.D.Willmott Matriculation School
Lord Jegannath College of Engg and Tech
Scott Christian Higher Secondary School
Duthie Girls Higher secondary School
Moderator Gnanadason Polytechnic College
Mar Ephraem College Of Engineering & Technology (Diocese of marthandam)
Morning Star Polytechnic College
In the Christian theological side, the Concordia Theological Seminary established in 1924 caters to the training of Pastors of the India Evangelical Lutheran Church. A CBSE schools in Nagercoil is the Adarsh Vidya Kendra which is situated at Vetturnimadam, 3 km from Nagercoil. Play school Bachpan is located 3 km from Nagercoil. DVD matriculation school Kottar Nagercoil
Nagercoil enjoys a blend of Tamil and Keralite cuisine. Rice is the staple food. Fish is popular and forms a part of everyday meal for many. People generally prefer mar ine fish to fresh water fish. The food is generally spicy with coconut an important ingredient in almost all side dishes and curry, very much like that of neighbouring Kerala. Seafood is popular among the peo ple, though there are also many vegetarians in and around the town. Banana & Jack fruit plays a main role in the town's Sweet/sour recipes. Its been told that the word Jack actually derived from Tamil name of the fruit . Banana Chips (
special variety specially produced for making chips) a snack.
Upperi () is made by dipping the banana in palm sugar locally known as
Nenthrambazha Bajji, a snack made out of banana is famous here. Places of interest
The Nagaraja Temple, (which gives Nagercoil its name) and the Thanumalayan Temple, at Suchindrum, about 6 km from the heart of the town, are Hindu shrines for pilgrims from all over South India. The Nagaraja Temple has Nagaraja, the King of Snakes, as its principal deity, to whom milk is offered by the devout. The Suchindram Temple is unique amongst Hindu temples in that it unites the worship of the Trinity of Hinduism - Shiva (Sthanu), Vishnu (Perumal or Mal) and Brahma (Aiyan) - in the presiding deity, Thanumalayan. The tradition of the temple is that the King of the Devas, Indra, worships at the temple e ach night.
Krishnancoil, situated on the way to Trivandrum at NH-47 is named after the temple where the presiding deity is Lord Kishna in his childhood avatar. This temple is 1.5 km from the heart of Nagercoil town.
St. Francis Xavier's Church, in the Kottar locality of the town, which was built in 1600, is important due to the visit and stay of St. Francis Xavier. The church was built on land allotted to St. Xavier by the Venad king.
Fresh water supply to the town is from the Mukkadal Reservoir, about 8 km from the town - itself a scenic place, with an island in the middle of the reservoir. The reservoir is surrounded by hills of the Western Ghats.
Another area with some fine scenery in Kanyakumari District is Boothapandi, about 10 km from Nagercoil. This place shows the Western Ghats with lush green fields all around. There are small, dilapidated, ancient Hindu Temples and structures dotting the green fields.
The hilly, undulating terrain in Kanyakumari District is Mostley forest land and the remaining is covered by rubber and other plantation plants. Elephants are common in this area.
Mathur Aqueduct (Thotti Palam)
Mathur Aqueduct (Thotti palam)
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Famous personalities Scientists
Dr.Gunamudian David Boaz-Indian psychology scientist.
Dr.S.Christopher- Chief Director-Defence Research and Development Organisation-Centre for Airborne Systems.
Dr.A. Sivathanu Pillai- Chief Controller-Defence Research and Development Organisation.
Dr.A.E. Muthunayagam-Former Director-Indian Space Research Organisation.
Dr. Ranjan Roy Daniel- Former Director of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and recipent of Padma Bhushan.
Dr.S. M. Balaji- Indian Dental Scientist.
Dr.C. Livingstone-Indian Botanist at Botanical Survey of India, Ex- chancellor of Madras Christian College.
Dr.D.J. Bagyaraj- Senior Scientist at Indian Institute of Science.
Dr.M. J. Xavier-Director- Indian Institute of Management Ranchi.
Dr.J Daniel Chellappa- Nuclear Scientist.
Dr. Viswanathan Raman - Father of Chest Me dicine in India.
Dr. Krishnan Ravi- Prof and Head, Physiology, V.P. Chest Institute, Delhi, Eminent neurophysiologist.
Dr. Henry Louis PhD- Agricultural scientist credited with co-creating the hybrid variety of coconut.
J. C. Daniel- The Father of Malayalam Film Industry.
N. S. Krishnan- Tamil film comedian and drama artist of yester-years.
Sathyan- Malayalam Film Actor.
Menaka (actress)- Malayalam Film Actress.
Sukumari- Malayalam Film Actress.
Thikkurissi Sukumaran Nair - Malayalam actor.
M. Rajesh- Film Director (Siva Manasula Sakthi, Boss engra Baskaran, Ok Ok...).
Pon Radha Krishnan, Former Minister of State- Road and Transportation (2000 –2004).
Kunjan Nadar, Former Lok Sabha Member.
Marshal Nesamony Nadar, Former Lok Sabha Member.
Kumari Anandan, Former Lok Sabha Member.
N. Dennis, Former Lok Sabha Member.
Government Officials Indian Police Service
F. V. Arul (IPS)- Former Director of Central Bureau of Investigation, Commissioner of Police (Greater Chennai) & First Indian Vice-President of "Interpol"
Walter Devaram (IPS)- Former Director General of Police & Commissioner of Police (Greater Chennai)
Dr.C. Sylendra Babu (IPS)- Additional Director General of Police-Tamil Nadu.
Christopher Nelson(IPS)- Former Inspector-General of Police & Life-Time Member of Planning Commission (India).
G. Nanchil Kumaran(IPS)- Former Commissioner of Police (Greater Chennai).
John Nicolson(IPS)-DIG, (CB-CID, Special Investigation Team, SIT)
N. Chenbaharaman(IPS)- Inspector General, (Enforcement).
R. Sudhakar(IPS)- Deputy Commissioner of Police, Adyar
V. Balakrishnan(IPS) Superintendent Of Police,Madurai.
K.S. Narenthiran Nayar(IPS)- Additional Director to Tamil Nadu.
Chief of Naval Staff
Admiral Oscar Stanley Dawson -12th Chief of Naval Staff .
Admiral Sushil Kumar - 18th Chief of Naval Staff .
Indian Administrative Service
S Ramanathan Iyer(IAS)- Former Indian Representative-United Nations.
Dr. R. Vijaykumar(IAS)- Additional Chief Secretary to Government of Tamil Nadu.
S. Thangaswami(IAS)- Commissioner Minorities Welfare(Tamil Nadu).
V.M. Xavier Chrisso Nayagam(IAS)- Director Social Welfare(Tamil Nadu).
P. Ekambaram(IAS)- Managing Director- TWAD.
Anand T-Project(IAS)- Officer District Rural Development Agency(Tamil Nadu).
Devasagayam(IAS)- Advisor to Ministry of Home Affairs (India).
S. Venkitaramanan- ex-Governor of Reserve Bank of India.
H. S. S. Lawrence, Director of School Education Tamil Nadu, UNESCO Adviser Afghanistan
Dr. Jeppiaar, Chancellor of Sathyabama University and founder of Jeepiar Group of Institutions.
Prof. Shah Mohammed Bijli, Chief Technical Advisor to the United Nations for more than a decade, Sr. Academician, Author
Er.I.Krishna Pillai, Sri Vinayaga Educational Trust - Cape Institute of Technology, Nagercoil
Mr.N. Muralidharn, Director of ST. Hindu College, Sri Krishna Polythenic college
Dr. Kaliappan, Vice Chancellor, Anna University, Tirunelveli
Tholkappiar- Ancient Tamil Scholar and Scripter of Tolkāppiyam.
Thiruvalluvar-poet who scripted Thirukkural.
David Davidar-Former CEO of Penguin Group and Harvard University Faculty.
Kavimani Desika Vinayagam Pillai (Tamil poet, writer and scholar)
Sathavathani Sheikh Thambi Pavalar (Tamil poet, scholar and Freedom fighter)
P. Jeevanandham, socialist.
M. J. Rabi Singh- Indian Lingustic Scholar.
Aravindan Neelakandan- Indian Fiction Writer.
T V Ramasubbaiyer (founder of "Dina Malar" - a Tamil daily)
Jeyamohan, literary writer.
Ponneelan, 1994 Sahitya Akademi Award.
Neela Padmanabhan, 2007 Sahitya Akademi Award.
Nanjil Nadan, Noted poet,2010 Sahitya Akademi Award.
Bala Prajapathi Adikalar, present Pattathu Ayya of Swamithope pathi and a leader of the Ayyavazhi.
Devasahayam Pillai, 18th century convert to Christianity, recommended for beatification
Vasanthakumar, businessman. Owner of Vasanth and Co retail chain and Vasanth TV
Jegath Gaspar Raj, founder and Managing Trustee of Tamil Maiyam.
V. G. Panneerdas, businessman. Owner of VGP Universal Kingdom
Dr. M. Kumaresan, ENT Specialist
C. Boaz, a Social Activist
Dr M Mathias, Surgeon, Entrepreneur
Mullanchery M Velaian - Organizer Kumari Arivial Peravai(KAP)
J. C. Daniel (naturalist)-Former Director for the Government of India.
K. Ganesan-MD of Kumaran Fishnet Pvt. Limited one of the largest exporters of Fishnet.
Dr. S. Padmanabhan - Popular writer and senior journalist with the unique history of being the only authority on The Hidden History of the Lands End , a popular book depicting the history of Kanyakumari and all the South Indian temples. References
1. ^ "Successful ignition of indigenous cryogenic engine" 2. ^ "Nagaraja Kovil Tamilnadu". Tamilnadu.com. 31 October 2012. 3. ^ Nagercoil history 4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 5. ^ "Tapping the Wind - India". February 2005. Retrieved 2006-10-28. 6. ^ Watts, Himangshu (November 11 2003). "Clean Energy Brings Windfall to Indian Village". Reuters News Service. Retrieved 2006-10-28. 7. ^ Thomson Reuters Comes to Nagercoil 8. ^ "Hinduja Global Solution Launches Center in Nagercoil" 9. ^ www.prabhanjamindia.com 10. ^ Alfi Curtains: Shop for Window and Door Curtains 11. ^ Joy Gnanadason,`A Forgotten History`,1994, Gurukul L.T. College and Research Institute, Chennai. Page:151.